Gallagher Y-DNA and Royal Ancestry
A genealogical Y-DNA 37 marker test by one of Edward's descendants reveals the expected Gaelic origins. The Y-DNA results are posted on the Gallagher Project page under the name of "Edward Gallagher, 1857-1919, Co. Mayo Ireland" (kit No. 167421). The haplogroup is estimated as R1b1b2, and falls under the modal haplotype of "King Niall of the Nine Hostages". Niall was a High King of Ireland who ruled about 400 AD and founded the Uí Néill dynasty which lasted until the 11th century, the most significant dynasty of early medieval Ireland. Niall has also been credited with kidnapping and bringing St. Patrick to Ireland. The association between King Niall and the specific Y-DNA haplotype was discovered in a research project by Trinity College, Dublin and published in February 2006. The adoption of surnames started about 1,000 AD in Ireland, and Gallagher was already one of the surnames known to be descended from the Niall dynasty.
Gallagher Ancestry chart (earliest known ancestor - Edward Gallagher)
About this 'Gallagher Page' This page includes information on the family history of Edward Gallagher b.1857 Co. Mayo, Ireland, who raised his family in West Hartlepool, England. Also included are links to other Gallagher families and resources.
The Gallagher name
Gallagher is an anglicisation of the Gaelic name Ó Gallchobhair (the feminine form being Ní Ghallchobhair) and means 'foreign helper'. Gallagher is the most common name in Co. Donegal, the home of the Ó Gallchobhair sept, and the 14th most common name in Ireland. Mayo had the second highest number of Gallagher families of all Irish counties about the time of the Griffiths Valuation (c1858).
This table shows how common the Gallagher surname was in Ireland by county during the 1848-1864 Griffiths Valuation. If the surname is very rare then, a name which matches one's ancestor is more likely to be the correct person. If the name is common, as with "Gallagher", then more details are needed to verify the match. This information is available for most Irish surnames at the Irish Times web site.
The Paul family (from Co. Sligo?)
The earliest record found so far for Susan Paul's family (wife of Edward Gallagher) is the civil marriage certificate of her parents, Patrick Paul and Mary Cassidy in Newcastle upon Tyne, England in 1847. According to the marriage certificate their fathers were Richard Paul (a labourer) and Thomas Cassidy (deceased). As the census data indicates they were both born in Ireland, it seems probable that they had emigrated to England because of the Irish potato famine in the 1840's.
According to the 1861 census Patrick and Mary Paul were living in Dawdon, Easington Co. Durham. They were aged 35 and 30 respectively and both were listed as being born in Ireland while their two children were born in Newcastle upon Tyne. Patrick was a miner at this time.
In the 1871 census Mary Paul was recorded as 'Head of family' and 'Married' with her 3 children including Susan who was to marry Edward Gallagher in 1877. The 1871 census also lists Patrick Paul as an inmate of the Sunderland Union Workhouse in North Bishop Wearmouth. He was recorded as a 46 year-old labourer born in Sligo, Ireland. By the 1881 census Mary was a widow.
In the Griffiths Valuation for Sligo (where Patrick Paul was born according to the 1871 census), the only Paul recorded is a James Paul. Nearly all of the 128 Paul households in Ireland were in Northern Ireland. Also, no Paul baptisms show up in the surviving parish registers for County Sligo on the Irish Family History Foundation web site.
Known children of Edward Gallagher 1857-1919 & Susan Paul 1861-1947 (all children born in West Hartlepool, County Durham, England)
1. John 'Joseph' (1878-1951)
mar. May Calvert, stayed in UK, living descendants in UK 2. Thomas Edward (1879-1926)
mar. Ethel Austen, stayed in UK, living descendants in UK & USA 3. James William (1881-1882) (see "Family tragedies")
died at 14 months from burns, infant brother put burning wood into cradle 4. (Molly) Mary (1883-1956) to USA
emigrated to USA 1911, mar. Robert Bruce, living descendants in USA 5. Edmund (1885-1886) (Death certificate)
died at 11 months due to Bronchitis 6. (Kitty) Catherine (1886-1920)
mar. Robert Walker, stayed in UK, one child but no grandchildren 7. Charles Edwin (1888-c1950) to USA
mar. Frances Patterson, emigrated to USA 1923, had no children 8. Susan (1889-1892) (see "Family tragedies")
died age 3 from burns, playing with matches 9. William (1890-1957) to USA
mar. Rebecca Evans, emigrated to USA 1922, living descendants in USA 10. Agnes (1892-1987) to USA
emigrated to USA 1912, mar. William Herzog, living descendants in USA 11. Cecelia (1894-c1980)to USA
emigrated to USA 1920, mar. William Bruce, living descendants in USA 12. Bernard 'Vincent' (1895-1975)
mar. Ethel Wanless, stayed in UK, living descendants in UK 13. Madeline (1897-c1965) to USA
emigrated to USA 1919, mar. Charles Reining, had no children 14. Paul (1898-1985) to USA
emigrated to USA 1923, mar. Mary ?, had no children 15. (Nora) Susan Westoe (1900-1982) to USA
emigrated to USA 1919, mar. Anthony Becht, had no children 16. Frederick Ward (1901-1964) to USA
emigrated to USA 1919, mar. Margaret McIntyre, living descendants in USA
Earliest known ancestor (Edward)
Our earliest known and documented Gallagher ancestor (EKA) to date is Edward Gallagher from County Mayo, Ireland. According to family lore, Edward Gallagher was born in Ballina, County Mayo, and UK census records put his birth date at c1857. However, the earliest written records on Edward that have been found so far, are from his marriage to Susan Paul in 1877, at St. Joseph's Church, West Hartlepool, County Durham, England. Unfortunately, Edward's father remains a mystery as he is named "Anthony" on the civil marriage record, "Patrick" on the church register, but could well be "John" based on other circumstantial evidence. In any case, all three first names in conjunction with "Gallagher" were fairly common in the Ballina area and so it has not been possible to identify Edward's probable parents to date. Click here for more information on Edward Gallagher b1857.
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